BALI, DEPOST- Pura Besakih Karangasem is a place of worship for the Hindu religion in Bali. In addition, in this temple area, there is not only one temple, but many temples. Because there are so many temples in one area, Besakih Bali Temple is the largest temple in Indonesia.
Pura Besakih Bali is also often referred to as Pura Agung Besakih. The location of Besakih Temple is in Besakih Village, Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, Bali.
Pura Besakih Bali consists of 1 central temple which is named Pura Penataran Agung Besakih and there are 18 companion temples around the Pura Penataran Agung Besakih. 1 piece of Basukian Temple and 17 other temples.
Route to Besakih Temple
Access from Denpasar City to reach these places is about 25 km to the north of Semarapura City, Klungkung Regency. The journey to Besakih Temple passes through the panorama of Jambul Hill which is also one of the attractions and tourist attractions of Karangasem Regency.
The Besakih Temple complex was built based on the balance of nature in the Tri Hita Karana concept, where the arrangement is adjusted according to the cardinal directions so that the building structure can represent nature as a symbol of this balance.
Each of the cardinal directions is called a mandala with a ruling deity called "Dewa Catur Lokapala" where the middle mandala is the axis, so that the five mandalas are manifested as "Panca Dewata".
The description of the Besakih Temple building structure based on the concept of the cardinal directions, is:
- Penataran Agung Besakih Temple as the center of the mandala in the Middle and is the largest temple of the existing temple group, which is intended to worship Lord Ciwa;
- Dark Temple in the East to worship Lord Icwara;
- Kiduling Kereteg Temple on the South Direction to worship Lord Brahma;
- Ulun Kulkul Temple in the West to worship Lord Mahadewa;
- Batumadeg Temple to the North to worship Lord Vishnu.
Besakih temple tourist attraction, of course there are several things that need to be known starting from the ethics and taboos of visiting a temple object, which places offer beautiful views, including knowing the historical background of the temple's establishment.
It is also necessary to know that domestic and foreign tourists visiting Besakih temple must be accompanied by a guide or tour guide, both local guides and tour guides that you may rent on a tour.
As the main place on the island of Bali, Besakih Temple has a delicious center of prayer at Penataran Agung Besakih, every devotee who comes with the aim of praying to this temple area, Penataran Agung is obligated as the destination and place of worship for the people.
History of Besakih Temple
Every construction or establishment of a large temple in Bali, such as the Besakih temple, of course there is a history behind the formation of the temple. the existence of Besakih temple is closely related to the journey of Rsi Markandeya.
He is a yogi, a religious figure from India, who lives on the island of Java, precisely in Mount Rawung, because of him, his holiness and character in religious understanding which he also knows as Bhatara Giri Rawang.
In his asceticism he received a revelation to go to the island of Bali and explore the forest to be distributed to his followers, in the process of the forest there were no obstacles that held him, like animals.
Many of his followers died and had to return to Java, and on auspicious days came back to Bali, starting with the ceremony of Dewa and Buta Yadnya and Pratiwi Stawa accompanied by prayers to ward off all pests.
After completing the expropriation, also planted a jug containing 5 metal elements known as Panca Datu consisting of iron, bronze, copper, silver and gold, also included the most important mirah, namely Mirahadi and various other ceremonial facilities. This place is called Basuki which means safe, then Basuki became the word Besakih until now.
The charm of Besakih Temple
Each tourist attraction certainly has its own charm that makes tourists come to visit, not for foreign tourists. Similarly, Besakih Temple, apart from being a place of worship for Hindus, also has an attraction that is able to attract visitors in Bali and from outside Bali.
Well, here are some attractions that you can find at Besakih Temple.
1. The Biggest Temple in Indonesia
Previously we have discussed about this temple which is known as the largest temple in Indonesia. In addition, at Besakih Temple there are many stairs with a very large gate which is used as the main entrance to Besakih Temple.
In the interior of this temple, in total there are almost 202 large and small buildings in the 18 temple complexes. And you will also walk from the parking area to enter the inside of the temple, this requires a fit condition because it willcover a distance of about 300 m or it could take about 1 hour or more.
2. Megalithic Age Hill
What makes Besakih Temple even more interesting is that there are ancient relics that are hundreds of years old from the megalithic era. You can see this in the architecture of the building and other historical objects such as menhirs, stone thrones and primaid terrace structures. This is also suitable for those of you who want to hunt photos, because it is a suitable and instagramable spot.
In addition, you also need to pay attention to several important things before visiting Besakih Temple. Like bringing a camera to capture every precious moment of yours during a visit to Besakih Temple, you can't enter for women who are on their period because Besakih Temple is a holy place for Hindus. This is the same as visiting other religious places of worship which also do not allow women who are menstruating to enter.
Tourist Facilities Around Besakih Temple
When visiting Besakih Temple, you will also be treated to various facilities that will make you enjoy your holiday in Bali even more. Like a hotel that sets a low price for you to enjoy with beautiful views of Bali.
Some hotel recommendations around Besakih Temple.
Warung Bu Made – this inn is the cheapest accommodation at Rp. 165,000 with a distance of 6 km from Besakih Temple.
Puri Karang Besakih – This hotel charges Rp. 300,000 for one night. This hotel is located close to Besakih Temple in Karangasem Bali.
Artha Agung Resort & Restaurant – This hotel has a rental price of Rp. 400,000 for one night. The distance to Besakih Temple is around 7 km.
Puri Agung Inn – This hotel is about 7 km to get to Pura Agung Besakih. This hotel set a rental price of Rp. 210,000 per night.
Entrance Ticket Prices and Opening Hours
Like other tourist attractions in Bali, Besakih Temple also installs tariffs before entering it. The ticket price is set at Rp. 15,000 per person. Only with 15 thousand you can surround Besakih Temple to your heart's content. -23